The historic center

The historic centre of Betanzos was declared “Complex of Historical-Artistic Monuments” in 1970. It was formerly located at the inner part of the ancient wall that surrounded the city and had five doors. The main one, Porta da Vila, was decorated with three emblems which today are encased in the side of a house. Despite not being preserved, its name is used as the entrance of the historic centre. Nowadays, three doors remain standing: Puerta del Puente Nuevo, Puerta del Puente Viejo and Puerta del Cristo.

Betanzos has two national monuments: the gothic churches of Santa María del Azogue and San Francisco, located in the square of Fernán Pérez de Andrade, “O Boo”.

San Francisco has a Latin cross floor and inside you can find the tombs of the medieval knights that are the most interesting historical-artistic element of the temple’s interior, especially the sarcophagus of Fernán Pérez de Andrade, located at the back of the temple, under the choir, and supported by a bear and a boar.

Santa María de Azogue was built between the second half of the XIV century and the first half of the XV. It has a basilica layout and three naves. The main altarpiece and the capital with the only farming calendar of Galicia stand out.

In the Plaza de la Constitución we find the city council house from the XVII century, work of Ventura Rodríguez, and the Palace of Bendaña, from the XV century, rebuilt during the XVII century. Next to it, we find the International Centre of Contemporary Images (CIEC is the Spanish acronym) at the ancient Casa Núñez. Dominating the square, the Clock Tower from the XVI century is attached to the Santiago church.

Pasttime park

Located on the outskirts of Betanzos, the construction of this garden started between 1893 and 1895, designed and financed by Juan García Naveira. Only 10% is preserved from the original 90 000 m2 park.

The list of everything we can see in the area known as “the caves” speaks for itself, and its miscellaneous reproduction in concrete was a novel material during that era. In addition to the caves and underground passages we can see the Retiro pond, the polychrome murals which have paintings of transport such as the aeroplane and the funicular, maps of the Panama Canal and the Keops pyramid, which are a testimony of a tour around Egypt, the Monarchical Spanish and its 18 republican daughters, the tribute to Argentina, the clocks of evert global time zone, the Mohamed Ali mosque, mythological elements, exotic animals…